p-ISSN: 1306-696x | e-ISSN: 1307-7945
Volume : 9 Issue : 2 Year : 2023

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Turkish Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery A NEW BALLISTIC SIMULANT "TRANSPARENT GEL CANDLE" (EXPERIMENTAL STUDY) [Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg]
Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2003; 9(2): 104-106


Ali İhsan Uzar1, Mehmet Dakak2, Tahir Özer1, Gökhan Öğünç3, Taner Yiğit1, Cengiz Kayahan4, Köksal Öner1, Derviş Şen1
1Gülhane Military Medical Academy, Department of General Surgery, Ankara, Turkey
2Gülhane Military Medical Academy, Department of Thoracic Surgery, Ankara, Turkey, [email protected]
3Police Department Criminal Lab. Ankara, Turkey
4Gülhane Military Medical Academy, Department of Emergency Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Background: Inanimate tissue simulants have been used to show the bullet effects in ballistic studies. Gelatin has been being used as a ballistic simulant for the last 20 years. It was considered that transparent gel candle (kraton in white paraffin oil) might be used as a soft tissue simulant that can be an alternative for gelatin.
Methods: For calibration of transplant gel candle, firstly it was shot at the 10% ordnance gelatin at 4 o C, and several concentrations of the transparent gel candle at 4 o C, by later on, by using a competition air gun. It was seen that 15% kraton in 85% white paraffin oil is the most suitable concentration. This kind of transparent gel candle blocks tested by using 9 mm parabellum and 7.62 mm x 51 (NATO 7.62) infantry rifle bullets and high-speed camera.
Results: Because of its transparency and elasticity, the penetration, permanent and temporary cavities of bullets were observed clearly in transparent gel candle.
Conclusions: As a result, transparent gel candle is a good soft tissue simulant that it can be used in wound ballistic studies.

Keywords: Ballistic, simulants, transparent gel candle

Ali İhsan Uzar, Mehmet Dakak, Tahir Özer, Gökhan Öğünç, Taner Yiğit, Cengiz Kayahan, Köksal Öner, Derviş Şen. A NEW BALLISTIC SIMULANT "TRANSPARENT GEL CANDLE" (EXPERIMENTAL STUDY). Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2003; 9(2): 104-106
Manuscript Language: English