Background: Objective of this study is to analyze the treatment outcomes of patients undergoing surgery for complex pancreatic injuries in our center over a 20-year period.
Methods: Between January 1980 and December 2001, medical records of 11 patients who underwent surgical intervention for complex pancreatic trauma were investigated retrospectively.
Results: The study group consisted of nine males and two female patients with a mean age of 36 years. Six patients had stab wounds, three had motor vehicle accidents and two had gunshot wounds. The mean value of Injury Severity Score (ISS) was 32.
Among six patients with Grade III injury, five were managed by distal pancreatectomy and one by external drainage. In three patients with Grade IV injury each underwent distal pancreatectomy, subtotal pancreatectomy and pancreaticoduodenectomy.
The remaining two patients with Grade V injury were managed by pancreaticoduodenectomy. In the postoperative course, pancreatic fistula was observed in two patients and peripancreatic abscess and pancreatitis in one patient each.
Endocrine insufficiency occurred in one patient who underwent subtotal pancreatectomy. Operative mortality was 18.2%.
Conclusion: Owing to the retroperitoneal location of the pancreas and its proximity to major vascular structures, associated organ injuries play a significant role in morbidity and mortality.