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Volume : 11 Issue : 4 Year : 2024

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Turkish Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery Approach to the lower gastrointestinal tract bleeding in patients with normal colonoscopic findings [Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg]
Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2005; 11(4): 299-305

Approach to the lower gastrointestinal tract bleeding in patients with normal colonoscopic findings

Hızır Akyıldız1, Cemalettin Ertekin1, Orhan Alimoğlu2, Çağatay Çağatay1, Korhan Taviloğlu1, Recep Güloğlu1, Arzu Poyanlı3
1İstanbul University, Istanbul Faculty Of Medicine, Department Of Surgery, İstanbul, Turkey
2Ministry of Health, Vakıf Guraba Teaching Hospital, 1. Clinics of Surgery, İstanbul, Turkey
3İstanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiodiagnostics, Istanbul, Turkey

BACKGROUND: Lower gastrointestinal bleeding is a commun clinical entity. Although colonoscopic examination is the first choice for diagnosis, it may not be enough to reveal the cause of bleeding in all subjects. METHODS: Eight patients who had massive lower gastrointestinal bleeding having normal colonoscopic findings were retrospectively evaluated at the Department of Trauma and Emergency Surgery, Istanbul University, Faculty of Medicine RESULTS: There were 5 male and 3 female patients with mean age of 51 (28 to 82). Patients received a mean of 13 U (range 2 to 23) with transfused erythrocyte concentrates. Four patients had found to be normal during angiographic, scintigraphy or enterocylytic examinations. Angiography was diagnostic in 4 patients, and identified bleeding from ileocolic pseudoaneurisms (n= 2) branches of jejunal artery (n=2). Embolization procedure were performed in these 4 patients and 3 of them developed intestinal necrosis and underwent surgery. One did not require further treatment. Two of the patients who underwent surgery expired due to sepsis. Patients were hospitalized for a mean of 17 days (range 5 to 37). CONCLUSION: Despite employment of all diagnostic procedures, the cause of bleeding were not detected in half of patients who had normal colonoscopic findings. If angiographic treatment is necessary, superselective arterial embolization should be performed.


Kolonoskopik bulguları normal olan alt gastrointestinal kanamalara yaklaşım

Hızır Akyıldız1, Cemalettin Ertekin1, Orhan Alimoğlu2, Çağatay Çağatay1, Korhan Taviloğlu1, Recep Güloğlu1, Arzu Poyanlı3
1İstanbul University, Istanbul Faculty Of Medicine, Department Of Surgery, İstanbul, Turkey
2Ministry Of Health, Vakıf Guraba Teaching Hospital, 1. Clinics Of Surgery, İstanbul, Turkey
3İstanbul University, Istanbul Faculty Of Medicine, Department Of Radiodiagnostics, Istanbul, Turkey


Hızır Akyıldız, Cemalettin Ertekin, Orhan Alimoğlu, Çağatay Çağatay, Korhan Taviloğlu, Recep Güloğlu, Arzu Poyanlı. Approach to the lower gastrointestinal tract bleeding in patients with normal colonoscopic findings. Ulus Travma Acil Cerrahi Derg. 2005; 11(4): 299-305

Corresponding Author: Hızır Akyıldız
Manuscript Language: Turkish